The apparel industry’s mass-produced completed textile goods are known as ready-made garments. Ready-made garments are ready-to-wear clothing that can be purchased off the rack or online.
They are not custom-made to fit each individual’s measurements, but rather are based on anthropometric studies. They’re fashioned of a variety of fabrics and threads. Their properties are determined by the fibers being used their production.
About Clothing Industry in General
The clothing industry, often known as the garment industry, encompasses all of the different types of trade and industry that occur along the production and value chain of clothes and textiles.
The manufacturing sectors rely on a plethora of clothing technology, like the loom, cotton gin, and sewing machine, signaled not just the industrialization of prior textile production processes but also the industrialization of the whole industry.
The terms clothing/garment, textile, and fashion industry are all used interchangeably. The clothing industry encompasses a wide range of products, from style to uniforms, e-textiles, and work wear.
The textile sector is less engaged with fashion and instead focuses on producing the materials and fibers needed for tailoring. To continually offer the latest apparel, the fashion business basically matches – and sets – fashion trends.
Ready-made garments can be classified into two types-
1. Outdoor wear
professional or office clothing like suits for men and women, pants, dresses, uniforms, blouses, cardigan, jacket, blazer-coats, shirts, ties and casual wear like shorts, sports jacket, jeans, skirts, tops, frocks, t-shirts, tracksuits, and swimwear.
2. Undergarments or inner-wear
This includes underpants, socks and inners for men and women, and stockings, lingerie and pantyhose for ladies.
Readymade Garment Industry in Bangladesh
Bangladesh’s development is accelerated by the readymade clothes sector. The “Made in Bangladesh” label has also brought the country honor, establishing it as a respected brand around the world. Bangladesh, once dubbed a “bottomless basket” by cynics, has now evolved into a “basket full of wonders.”
Bangladesh was among the world’s poorest countries after its independence in 1971. Due to the discriminating attitude and practices of the then-West Pakistani government, no major businesses were built in Bangladesh while it was called as East Pakistan. As a result, the most difficult task looked to be rebuilding the war-torn country with scant resources.
The readymade garment (RMG) business, which is now single largest export earner of Bangladesh, has played a critical role in fixing the country as well as its economy. The segment accounted for 83 percent of the country’s total export profits.
Clothing is Not Just About Looking Good, It’s A Lot More!
Clothing provides a physical barrier between the body and the environment, offering shelter from the environment, rough edges, sharp pebbles, rash-causing plants, bug bites, splinters, thorns, and prickles.
It can provide insulation from the cold or heat, as well as act as a hygienic screen, keeping contagious and hazardous items away from the skin. It can protect your feet from pain and discomfort while also allowing you to navigate in a variety of conditions.
Clothing also shields you from the sun’s harmful rays. In severe conditions, such as brimmed hats, it can be utilized to reduce glare or improve visual acuity.
In particular tasks and professions, sports, and warfare, clothing is worn to defend against damage. Clothing with pouches, belts, or hooks can be used to carry items while freeing up one’s hands.
It has a lot of societal implications. Clothing is a societal norm that is subject to change. It could imply modesty. It might be humiliating to be stripped of your clothes in front of others. Clothing can also be used to express social standing, affluence, group affiliation, and individualism.
Clothing can also be used as a personal transport system like ice skates, rollerblades, cargo trousers and other outdoor survival gears like face masks.
They can be used as a camouflage system for armies, stage illusionists, hidden liners, integrated holster for concealed weapons, trench coats on the underground market — where the clothing’s purpose is often to create a disguise. An outfit or ensemble is a style of clothing that is tailored to a certain goal, whether stylistic or functional.
Read also: How Does Fashion Influences Culture?
Forms Of Clothing
Different cultures have developed their own methods for making clothing out of fabric. The cloth can be draped in a variety of ways. The dhoti for males and the sari for ladies, the Scottish plaid, and the Javanese poncho are just a few examples of clothes made with rectangles shapes of cloth wrapped to fit.
The garments can be knotted (dhoti and sari) or pins or belts can be used to keep them in place (kilt and sarong). Sometimes, the fabric is left uncut, so it can be worn by persons of all sizes.
This is applicable for sari, dhoti, kilt, sarong and various other forms of clothing.
Another option is to use a sewing machine or hand to measure, cut, and sew the fabric. Clothing can be made using a sewing design and tailored to the wearer’s specifications. To manufacture form-fitting garments, a tailoring dummy or dress frame is employed.
If the fabric is pricey, the tailor will try to employ every inch of the rectangle in the construction of the garment, such as cutting triangular portions from one corner and inserting them as gussets elsewhere.
This is how traditional European shirts and chemises are designed. Patchwork wallets, caps, jackets, and skirts can all be made using these scraps.
Read also: The Main Raw Materials For Making Clothes
Comfort From Clothing
Comfort is linked to a variety of sensory, bodily, social, and psychological demands, and clothing, after food, satisfies these comfort requirements. Clothing gives a sense of aesthetics, tactile comfort, and thermal comfort.
- Aesthetic comfort – variations in color, texture, style, fitting, and finishing of the garment is vital for social and mental comfort.
- Tactile comfort – a reaction to the discomfort caused by garments rubbing against the body. Tactile sensations can be described as soft, clinging, firm, heavy, light, rough, tacky, itchy, or prickly.
- Thermal comfort – Clothing makes the body dry and cool by maintaining a thermal balance. It keeps the skin from overheating while insulating it from the heat of the surroundings. Also, during winter, specific clothing helps our body retain the heat, not letting the colder air pass in to make us shiver.