Bangladesh Primary Textile (PT) and Export-oriented Readymade Garments (RMG) sector have impressively contributed to the driving wheel of the nation’s truck of trade, export, and manufacturing economy over the last two decades.
Over 64% of foreign currencies come to Bangladesh through the Readymade Garments industry every year. Almost 10 million people get employment in this sector from lower to a higher level.
Nowadays, students tend to study and postgraduate in the textile sector and build up their careers due to several career opportunities, flexibilities, and handsome export earning rates.
Education History of Textile Sector
During the British colonial rule (1911- 1947), Bangladesh had 29 territory vocational textiles schools.
In 1954, formal textile education started with a diploma course in textile technology (1958).
Then the East Pakistan Textile Institute took it and expanded it to Textile College.
That textile college started first bachelor level (B.Sc. in Textile Technology) in 1978 and established the College of Textile Technology (CTT). The same textile college has been recognized as the first Textile University of Bangladesh, the Bangladesh College of Textiles.
Another milestone achievement was establishing a professional training center for textile professionals: Textile Industry Development Centre (TIDC). It was established in 1981 under Bangladesh Textile Mills Corporation (BTMC), a public sector organization, by collaborating with UNIDO‘s technical and financial assistance (United Nations Industrial Development Organization).
Now TIDC is recognized as NITTRD (Deemed to be University), a public-private partnership institute located in Derlakatte, Mangalore, India.
In 1977, the Department of Textiles (DOT) came with a new initiative to reintroduce and rejuvenate vocational and diploma education. Around 1986, the NGOs started textile vocational education and training services.
The private university education in Primary Textile & RMG sector was introduced in 1998.
Textile Education Level in Bangladesh
Textile Education classifies into three levels; (a) Entry-level, (b) Mid-level & (c) High level Textile Education in Bangladesh.
Entry Level Textile Education
Bangladesh Technical Education Board (BTEB) provides entry-level Textile Education. It’s equivalent to Secondary School Certificate (Science).
40 Textile Vocational Institutes offer vocational certificates in textile education and RMG trades in Entry Level Textile Education.
The NGOs and private organizations also provide a primary equivalent vocational educational certificate of Entry-Level Textile education.
Mid-level Textile Education
A diploma in Textile Engineering and manufacturing technologies is considered mid-level textile education in Bangladesh.
Right now, only three government Textile Institutes are providing Diploma in Textile Engineering under Mid-level Textile Education. These are Textile Institute, Tangail; Textile Institute, Dinajpur; Textile Institute, Barisal.
Under Bangladesh Technical Education Board, 68 Private Textile Diploma Engineering Institutions offer almost 5440 textile graduate students every year.
High-level Textile Education
The only higher-level textile institute or University in Bangladesh is the Bangladesh University of Textiles (BUTEX).
Two Public universities of Bangladesh (Mawlana Bhashani Science and Technology University (MBSTU) and Dhaka University of Engineering and Technology (DUET) located at Tangail and Gazipur are offering Textile Engineering Department.
MBSTU is also providing M.Sc. in Textile Engineering.
According to the University Grant Commission, 12 Private Universities offer Textile Engineering departments in their universities. These universities are:
- Ahsanullah University of Science & Technology (AUST
- Bangladesh University of Business and Technology (BUBT)
- City University (CU)
- Daffodil International University (DIU)
- Atish Dipankar University of Science & Technology (ADUST)
- Green University of Bangladesh (GUB)
- Primeasia University (PAU)
- The People’s University of Bangladesh (PUB)
- Northern University Bangladesh (NUB)
- Southeast University (SEU)
- University of South Asia (UniSA)
- World University of Bangladesh (WUB).
These are the other Government Textile Engineering Colleges offering B.Sc. in Textile Engineering:
- Begumgonj Textile Engineering College
- Noakhali affiliated under the faculty of science of Chittagong University
- Pabna Textile Engineering College affiliated
- Chittagong Textile Engineering College
- Shahid Abdur Rab Serniabat Textile Engineering College
- Barisal, Zinaahdah Textile Engineering College
- Bangabandhu Textile Engineering College (BTEC)
- Shanto-Mariam University of Creative Technology, BGMEA Institute of Fashion and Technology (BIFT)
- National Institute of Fashion Technology (NIFT).
Every year, near about 5000 students graduate from any discipline in Textile Engineering, and 1000 of them complete MSC.
Yearly, almost 5000 students complete diplomas in Textile engineering and 1500 complete vocational Textile engineering.
There is a massive demand for textile engineers in Bangladesh’s garment industry, and the market is increasing day by day. The education sector of Textile is considerably more significant in Bangladesh. But, nowadays, quantity is prioritizing over quality. Quality assurance of textile education should be the next priority of Bangladesh.
Textile Education Scope in Posh Garments
Garments can be said the opposite part of Textile. So, there is no chance to deny that Posh Garments has enormous scopes for the people who are fresh or experienced Textile graduates or diploma certificate holders.
- Every year from lower to a higher level, about 10,000 workers are appointed in Posh Garments.
- Almost 4000 new garments workers get recruited every year.
- In merchandising and executive panel, almost 2000-3000 fresh graduates get to appoint.
- On an experience basis, the workers get a promotion, and the fresher get chance to apply.
As the factory is getting bigger, the manufacturing is getting broader, and more people are getting chances to appoint.