When shopping for clothes, the average shopper pays attention to details such as buttons, fabric kind and texture, and overall design. The stitching, on the other hand, is a rather minor detail that demands extra attention. In the apparel manufacturing sector, sewing is a crucial department.
All of the pieces of a garment are stitched together here with the help of a needle and thread. Garment production differs significantly from other types of production. It is not a method of sustained release. Each style is a unique product that necessitates a unique fabric, color, buttons, thread, and so on.
Stitch size, stitch length, width, depth, tension, sequence, elongation, elasticity, resilience, fabric distortion, yarn severance, and abrasive strength are all used to assess stitch quality. There are three ways to make distinct stitches, and you can use any of them to make it. The following are the many methods:
One loop of yarn is put through another loop of thread to make several sorts of stitches, as the name implies.
- Intralooping method: One thread is used in this procedure. One loop of the same yarn is transferred through the other loop.
- Interlacing method: Stitches are made by passing one thread over another in this technique.
Sewing methods used in the garment industry are divided into six categories. Understanding these stitching skills in depth will aid in the creation of a variety of outfits. You may learn more about these stitches by taking online garment-making programs.
For needlework, the chain stitch is crucial. It’s essentially a loop stitch that may be stitched in either curved or straight lines. Stitching like this is also used as a design filler. The chain stitch can be done in a variety of ways.
Hand stitches are still useful in a variety of situations. There are still a few outfits created totally by hand. Hand stitching is most commonly used for finishing tasks like fastening fasteners, hemming, and so on.
Running stitch, hemming stitch, and basting stitch are examples of hand stitches, as are cross stitch, slip stitch, catch stitch, back stitch, overcast stitch, and invisible stitch.
The lockstitch stitch design is a popular mechanical stitch design. This stitch is usually done with two thread systems: needle thread and bobbin thread. The front and back sides share a similar appearance. The front package, collar, and bottom hem are all sewn with lockstitch.
Covering chain stitch
Covering chain stitch is a type of stitch that is commonly used in mattress cover stitching. A flatlock sewing machine is often used to create this stitch. In most cases, a triple thread system is used to create the covering chain stitch. It’s generally used for decoration. It can also be used for hems on the bottom and sleeves.
In the side seams of clothes, multi-thread stitching is commonly utilized. The needle thread and looper thread are used in this stitch. The difference between the front and back sides of this stitch determines how it appears. The inseam of jeans pants and the side seam of shirts are the most common places where multi-thread stitching is employed. The front envelope is even sewn with it.
Based on how your clothing will be worn and utilized, you’ll want to incorporate these qualities of different sewing techniques into the design. Stitches per inch, seam strength, and the size, uniformity, and tension of the stitches should all be taken into consideration while creating or examining a garment.
Depending on how your item is intended to be worn and utilized, you’ll want to incorporate these qualities of different stitching techniques into the design.
Stitches per inch
By sewing stitches and recording the stitches per inch on a garment—or an order of garments—you may get an approximate estimate of the length and quality of the stitching (SPI). A higher SPI suggests a higher stitch concentration and, in many cases, improved stitch grade.
Shorter stitches indicate stronger seam connections. More decorative designs, in some cases, necessitate a higher SPI. Low SPI garments tend to be less durable, have longer stitches, and are more susceptible to tangling.
In clothes, the main benefit of a low SPI is that it uses less thread to sew. As a result, producing clothing with a lower SPI is frequently faster and less expensive.
Stitch width, consistency, depth and tension
In addition to the length indicators provided by SPI, garment designers should consider stitch width and depth. In the world of high-end clothing, consistency is prized. When a factory worker makes a mistake when stitching a garment, the inconsistency might lead to a weak spot in the garment’s seam.
These qualities work together to make a garment’s seams stronger. SPI is used in popular stitch calculations to assess how much force a seam can withstand before breaking. This knowledge is vital since it enables for quantitative measurements-based pass-fail testing of your clothing during inspection.
A silk scarf, for example, may not require significant seam strength. Greater seam strength, on the other hand, is usually critical for the functionality of overall construction gloves.
The stitching that hold the fabric components together is made with threads. Fiber type, constriction, and size can all be used to describe them. Threads can be constructed of a single fiber, such as cotton, linen, silk, rayon, nylon, polyester, or rubber, or a blend of fibers, such as cotton/polyester.
Natural fiber threads
Cotton threads are the most prevalent natural fiber used for threads. Sewability is great, with little kinking or skip stitching. Hot needles, which are a regular feature of high-speed sewing machines, have little effect on them, and they can even stitch successfully on machines that have been improperly calibrated.
Polyester and nylon, the most prevalent synthetic threads, were created to work well on synthetic textiles and to endure the chemicals and heat of durable press treatments. They are tougher, more resistant to abrasion, mildew, and UV radiation, and shrink less than cotton threads of the same size.
Factors in thread selection
- Garment design, kind, quality, intended usage, and expected lifespan.
- Desired toughness and sturdiness.
- The type and weight of the fabric.
- Type of stitch and seam, stitches per inch, machine speed, and needle size
- the price
These are the stitch process and factors one should maintain.